Fossil Fuel Emissions
Emissions data for years 2015, 2016 and 2017 are preliminary.
Cite as: Boden et al. (2017), UNFCCC (2018), BP (2018)
Available at: http://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html
The 1959-2014 estimates for fossil fuels and industry are from Boden et al. (2017).
Where available (42 countries) the national estimates reported to the UNFCCC (2018) during 1990-2016 are used instead of CDIAC data.
The 2015, 2016 and 2017 estimates (or just 2017 where UNFCCC data are available) are preliminary and based on energy statistics published by BP (2018).
Updated from Andrew, R., 2018. Global CO2 emissions from cement production. Earth System Science Data, 10, 195-217. DOI: 10.5194/essd-10-195-2018. Available at: https://www.earth-syst-sci-data.net/10/195/2018/
Consumption-based Fossil Fuel Emissions
Peters, GP, Minx, JC, Weber L, and Edenhofer, O. 2011. Growth in emission transfers via international trade from 1990 to 2008. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1006388108. Available at: http://www.pnas.org/content/108/21/8903
For an explanation of issues around consumption emissions, see:
Peters, GP, Davis, SJ and Andrew, R. 2012. A synthesis of carbon in international trade. Biogeosciences, 9, 3247-3276. DOI: 10.5194/bg-9-3247-2012. Available at: http://www.biogeosciences.net/9/3247/2012/bg-9-3247-2012.html
The use of data is conditional on citing the original data sources.
Land-Use Change Emissions
Cite as: Updated from Houghton et al. (2012), Hansis et al. (2015)
Houghton, R.A., House, J.I., Pongratz, J., van der Werf, G.R., DeFries, R.S., Hansen, M.C., Le Quéré, C., and Ramankutty, N. 2012. Chapter G2 Carbon emissions from land use and land-cover change, Biogeosciences. DOI: 10.5194/bg-9-5125-2012. Available at: https://www.biogeosciences.net/9/5125/2012/bg-9-5125-2012.html
Hansis, E., Davis, S.J., Pongratz, J., 2015. Relevance of methodological choices for accounting of land use change carbon fluxes. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2014GB004997. DOI: 10.1002/2014GB004997. Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/2014GB004997
The use of data is conditional on citing the original data sources. Data for years 2015, 2016 and 2017 are preliminary.
Gross Domestic Product
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